Archaeologists reveal a hidden city in the Aztec jungle
Aztec art and architecture has long fascinated archaeologists, who have used it to study ancient life in a far-flung area of northern Mexico.
But now, a group of Mexican archaeologists has discovered a hidden ancient city called Zumatolco, built during the reign of the great king Tecatez, which may have been the seat of the Aztecs.
It was the centre of a complex of settlements that stretched from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
“Zumatols culture was one of the most complex of any ancient civilization in Mesoamerica,” said Dr Alberto Moreno, the co-director of the Center for Ancient MesoAmerica, who led the excavation.
“They were extremely well organised, highly sophisticated, and built for military and administrative purposes,” he said.
“Their culture was very rich, and their architectural style was very elaborate.
They were also extremely sophisticated, using stone tools to carve the shapes of their dwellings.”
It is the first archaeological site to be uncovered in a site where the Aztlan people lived, and it is the site of one of Mexico’s greatest archaeological discoveries, Dr Moreno said.
Archaeologists discovered that Zumatoolco was a city that stretched to the Atlantic, in a region where the Inca empire once ruled, in the heart of a huge forested region called the Pichixtla Valley.
It is one of four sites in the region that were uncovered in the past year by a group led by Dr Moreno and a Mexican archaeologist.
It also represents the largest archaeological discovery in the southern state of Guerrero, which borders the Mexican state of Chiapas.
Zumatooleco is located in a huge area of jungle known as the Azta.
“This is not just another urban city, it’s a city of people who live in this area,” Dr Moreno told ABC News.
“It is a very complex site and it’s also an important site because it was the seat for the Incas, who were at the centre for a long time.”
It was only when the area was first discovered that archaeologists realised that it was an ancient city, he said, adding that it would have been built to accommodate a population of up to 200,000 people.
“We found this city, and we could not find any other sites like it in this region,” Dr Perez said.
It wasn’t until the 1980s that archaeologists were able to excavate a number of ancient sites in that area.
“A lot of these people have lived there since the 19th century,” he added.
“You have the Pueblo of Tenochtitlan, the Pachamama of Chichen Itza, the Cuzco site, all of which were built in the 15th century.”
The sites were then taken to the United States, where they were put under the control of the National Park Service.
Zamatolcos culture is said to have been a civilisation built on stone, as well as wood, which were both used for building and decorating.
The sites are also home to a number, including a huge statue of a man who stands over a mannequin of a woman and an animal, which was believed to have once been part of a ceremonial ritual.
It’s not known how long the Aztekans lived in Zumatos, or if they ever built their own cities.
But Dr Moreno says it’s clear that the people were very skilled builders.
“There are so many statues, they had so many different kinds of buildings, and I would say it was probably a society that lived for thousands of years,” he explained.
“The architecture was sophisticated and sophisticated.”
Dr Perez said it is now important to understand how this civilisation developed.
“In the context of the Incan civilisation, the AzTlan culture, we see a lot of similarities with the Incans and a lot with the Maya civilisation,” he told ABC news.
“So, what does this mean?
What does this show us?”
It shows us a society who was highly intelligent, who was very complex and who had a very strong belief in the concept of the Maya as a religious people.